where did apollo 11 launch from

发稿时间:2021年01月21日

[96][97] The CSM was mated on January 29, and moved from the Operations and Checkout Building to the Vehicle Assembly Building on April 14. 3 of 14 The three Apollo 11 crew men await pickup by a helicopter from the USS Hornet, prime recovery ship for the historic Apollo 11 lunar landing mission, after splashdown on … Michael Collins, the CMP on the Apollo 8 crew, began experiencing trouble with his legs. Aldrin shoveled 6 kilograms (13 lb) of soil into the box of rocks in order to pack them in tightly. We're breathing again. How did Apollo 11 launch from the moon? [235] The remains of the ascent stage lie at an unknown location on the lunar surface, after being abandoned and impacting the Moon. [182][183], This altered the flight plan. [72], The LM was named Eagle after the motif which was featured prominently on the mission insignia. Each display included Moon dust from Apollo 11. At 06:30, they headed out to Launch Complex 39. Five minutes into the descent burn, and 6,000 feet (1,800 m) above the surface of the Moon, the LM guidance computer (LGC) distracted the crew with the first of several unexpected 1201 and 1202 program alarms. [115][116] Margaret Hamilton, the Director of Apollo Flight Computer Programming at the MIT Charles Stark Draper Laboratory later recalled: To blame the computer for the Apollo 11 problems is like blaming the person who spots a fire and calls the fire department. Personally, in reflecting on the events of the past several days, a verse from Psalms comes to mind. 2726 to the 114th session of the United States House of Representatives directing the United States Mint to design and sell commemorative coins in gold, silver and clad for the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission. But in a very real sense, it will not be one man going to the Moon—if we make this judgment affirmatively, it will be an entire nation. Event: GET (hhh:mm:ss) GMT. During descent, a malfunction caused Luna 15 to crash in Mare Crisium about two hours before Armstrong and Aldrin took off from the Moon's surface to begin their voyage home. The first Moon landing mission took place on July 16, 1969. The rice-sized particles were four small pieces of Moon soil weighing about 50 mg and were enveloped in a clear acrylic button about as big as a United States half dollar coin. [10] These took longer than expected; three and a half hours instead of two. They argued that the first person to walk on the Moon should be like Charles Lindbergh, a calm and quiet person. This included Space Center Houston from October 14, 2017, to March 18, 2018, the Saint Louis Science Center from April 14 to September 3, 2018, the Senator John Heinz History Center in Pittsburgh from September 29, 2018, to February 18, 2019, and its last location at Museum of Flight in Seattle from March 16 to September 2, 2019. [50] Apollo 11 was the second American mission where all the crew members had prior spaceflight experience,[51] the first being Apollo 10. [174], The aircraft carrier USS Hornet, under the command of Captain Carl J. Seiberlich,[175] was selected as the primary recovery ship (PRS) for Apollo 11 on June 5, replacing its sister ship, the LPH USS Princeton, which had recovered Apollo 10 on May 26. [160], Presidential speech writer William Safire had prepared an In Event of Moon Disaster announcement for Nixon to read in the event the Apollo 11 astronauts were stranded on the Moon. For safekeeping, there is also a smaller collection stored at White Sands Test Facility near Las Cruces, New Mexico. [168] In the 48 minutes of each orbit when he was out of radio contact with the Earth while Columbia passed round the far side of the Moon, the feeling he reported was not fear or loneliness, but rather "awareness, anticipation, satisfaction, confidence, almost exultation". As such, Aldrin chose to refrain from directly mentioning taking communion on the Moon. After three weeks in confinement (first in the Apollo spacecraft, then in their trailer on Hornet, and finally in the Lunar Receiving Laboratory), the astronauts were given a clean bill of health. A VAB or Vehicle Assembly Building. Nixon: Hello, Neil and Buzz. It contains much historical and technical information. [263][264], The Smithsonian Institute's National Air and Space Museum and NASA sponsored the "Apollo 50 Festival" on the National Mall in Washington DC. [98][103] Around 3,500 media representatives were present. Therefore we will see the Crawler-Transporter hauling a rocket to the launch pad again. And they may well ask, why climb the highest mountain? After being recovered from the Atlantic Ocean, he received a congratulatory telephone call from Eisenhower's successor, John F. Dignitaries included the Chief of Staff of the United States Army, General William Westmoreland, four cabinet members, 19 state governors, 40 mayors, 60 ambassadors and 200 congressmen. [134] The TV camera cable remained partly coiled and presented a tripping hazard throughout the EVA. [206][207][208] Many nations honored the first human Moon landing with special features in magazines or by issuing Apollo 11 commemorative postage stamps or coins. Due to design and manufacturing delays in the LM, Apollo 8 and Apollo 9 swapped prime and backup crews, and Armstrong's crew became the backup for Apollo 8. Details Related. The astronauts were immediately placed in quarantine in a van on the recovery ship. [12], At the behest of the Nixon administration to add a reference to God, NASA included the vague date as a reason to include A.D., which stands for Anno Domini, "in the year of our Lord" (although it should have been placed before the year, not after). Two and a half hours after landing, before preparations began for the EVA, Aldrin radioed to Earth: This is the LM pilot. [204] The flag of American Samoa on Apollo 11 is on display at the Jean P. Haydon Museum in Pago Pago, the capital of American Samoa. Apollo 11 Mobile Quarantine Facility on display at the, F-1 Engine Injector Plate on temporary display at the, Eric Jones of the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal explains that the indefinite article "a" was intended, whether or not it was said; the intention was to contrast, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors, Early Apollo Scientific Experiments Package, recordings of the original slow scan source transmission from the lunar surface, Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Command (CINCPAC), John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Apollo 11 50th Anniversary commemorative coins, Apollo 11 Fiftieth Anniversary commemorative coins, "Apollo 11 Command and Service Module (CSM)", "Man on the Moon: Kennedy speech ignited the dream", "Excerpt: 'Special Message to the Congress on Urgent National Needs, "JFK's 1962 Moon Speech Still Appeals 50 Years Later", "John F. Kennedy Moon Speech—Rice Stadium", "What You Didn't Know About the Apollo 11 Mission", "Moondoggle: The Forgotten Opposition to the Apollo Program", "JFK Proposes Joint Lunar Expedition with Soviets, September 20, 1963", "The Rendezvous That Was Almost Missed: Lunar Orbit Rendezvous and the Apollo Program", "Apollo Guidance Computer and the First Silicon Chips", "Recording tracks Russia's Moon gatecrash attempt", "Day 3, part 1: Viewing Africa and Breakfast", "Kit, Pilot's Personal Preference, Apollo 11", "50 Years Ago: Lunar Landing Sites Selected", "Tales from the Lunar Module Guidance Computer", "The Biggest Myth about the First Moon Landing", "Neil Armstrong, first man to step on the Moon, dies at 82", "One giant blunder for mankind: how NASA lost Moon pictures", "One Small Controversy About Neil Armstrong's Giant Leap—When, exactly, did the astronaut set foot on the moon? [14] On October 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite. At left: The Saturn 5 rocket that boosted the Apollo 11 mission to the moon is hauled from NASA's Vehicle Assembly Building to the launch pad in 1969. To give Collins an idea where to look, Mission Control radioed that they believed the lunar module landed about 4 miles (6.4 km) off target. Landing someone on the Moon was an easy goal to understand; lunar geology was too abstract for the average person. [176] On reaching Pearl Harbor on July 5, Hornet embarked the Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopters of HS-4, a unit which specialized in recovery of Apollo spacecraft, specialized divers of UDT Detachment Apollo, a 35-man NASA recovery team, and about 120 media representatives. Ken Mattingly was moved from the support crew into parallel training with Anders as backup CMP in case Apollo 11 was delayed past its intended July launch date, at which point Anders would be unavailable. The Apollo programme is arguably the greatest technical achievement of mankind to date ... nothing since Apollo has come close [to] the excitement that was generated by those astronauts—Armstrong, Aldrin and the 10 others who followed them. [67] The design was rejected. The Soviet government limited the release of information about the lunar landing, which affected the reaction. Armstrong was concerned that "eleven" would not be understood by non-English speakers, so they went with "Apollo 11",[67] and they decided not to put their names on the patch, so it would "be representative of everyone who had worked toward a lunar landing". The support crew maintained the flight plan, checklists and mission ground rules, and ensured the prime and backup crews were apprised of changes.

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