anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt

发稿时间:2021年01月21日

The causative organism in more than half of the cases is a bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae. Furthermore, infections caused by multiresistant pathogens, such as methillicin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, have substantially higher mortality. Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. 2011 Mar;37(3):588-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2010.12.037. Anatomy: The study of STRUCTURE. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. (p. 532) 2021. MBBS , MD Pulmonary Medicine. View week 10.ppt from IPP(BU) 104 at Bahria University, Karachi. Macroscopic anatomy describes structures, organs, muscles, bones etc. Presentation Summary : Internal Anatomy of the Brain (cont.) Blood is unique; it is the only fluid tissue in the body.1. Gas exchange. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. Improving preventive measures have dramatically decreased its incidence over the last decade. See Fig. Chastre J and Fagon JY. The skeletal system is composed of bones and cartilage connected by ligaments to form a framework for the rest of the body tissues. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. After completing this section, you should know: the functions of the skeleton; the basic structure of a vertebrae and the regions of the vertebral column Introduction,Risk factors ,Pathogenesis,Types,Etiology,Clinical features,Investigation,Treatment,Complication,Prevention. Rello J, Ollendorf DA, Oster G, et al. ◆ Prevention care bundles reduce the incidence of VAP, as well as MV duration and intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay. Current Opinions in Pulmonary Medicine, 17, 155–9.Find this resource: 9. As we examine each part of the body, always consider both its structure and its function. Histological lesions are always located within large zones of altered lung parenchyma, which correspond to an inflammatory exudate with fibrin and some capillary congestion, ensuing at the 3rd to 7th day of pneumonia. If so, share your PPT presentation slides online with PowerShow.com. Copyright © ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. Long before modern medicine, blood was viewed as magical, because when it drained from the body, life departed as well. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. 21 [chapter 21 the cardiovascular system blood vessels and hemodynamics][11e] Sompoch Thanachaikan. The word is derived from the Greek work “to cut up.” II. Except where otherwise stated, drug dosages and recommendations are for the non-pregnant adult who is not breastfeeding. Capillaries. Minimizing sedation is a strategy to be enhanced to prevent VAP. Furthermore, full bundles compliance reduces duration of MV and ICU length of stay. Look through the various powepoint presentations. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. OF THE AIRWAY. Printing from PowerPoint - how to change from slides to handouts. Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is defined as pneumonia developing 48 hours or more after hospital admission. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Objectives []. Bacterial flora in sputum and antibiotic sensitivity in exacerbations of bron... Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and the Metabolic Syndrome, No public clipboards found for this slide. Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 2, 764–74.Find this resource: 2. Every cell in … Fàbregas N, Torres A, El-Ebiary M, et al. Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Structure and Function … Anatomy and physiology always work together. Cambridge GCSE and IGCSE Physical Education (PE) Anatomy and Physiology - entire section / all chapters / all lessons. Inadequate hand washing may contribute to cross-infection with resistant species. They are all availible in ppt form - perfect for reviewing and printing. Dr Muhammed Aslam Section 1 ICU organization and management, Part 4.10 Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Part 4.12 Respiratory acidosis and alkalosis, Chapter 116 Diagnosis and management of community-acquired pneumonia, Chapter 117 Diagnosis and management of nosocomial pneumonia, Chapter 118 Diagnosis and management of atypical pneumonia, Part 4.14 Atelectasis and sputum retention, Section 10 The metabolic and endocrine systems, Section 12 The skin and connective tissue, Section 19 General surgical and obstetric intensive care, Section 21 Recovery from critical illness. Passageway. Decreased T-helper lymphocytes (CD3+ and CD4+) due to accelerated apoptosis, increased monocyte apoptosis, and both peripheral and lung neutrophil dysfunction, all resulting in decreased clearing of pathogens. Times New Roman Arial Unicode MS Arial Marble Respiratory Anatomy and Physiology BREATH Function of Respiration Inspiration Expiration PowerPoint ... – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 3b414e-MGVkY Epidemiology and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a large US database. Airway. During hospitalization there’s a shift of flora colonizing the airway; initially, there’s a reduction of the normal flora, which facilitates the adhesion, and growth of enteric GNB and S. aureus. A nasogastric tube causes oesophageal sphincter incompetence resulting in oesophageal reflux [2,4,6,7] and the possibility of aspiration, especially in patients receiving enteral nutrition. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Appendicular skeleton – appendages, such as the upper and lower limbs, pelvic girdle and shoulder girdle. Elimination. Anatomy and Physiology.ppt Shama. The respiratory system has numerous functions: in addition to its central role in gaseous exchange, it is involved in regulating blood pH and controlling blood pressure, and has a role in mechanical non-specific immune defences (Marieb and Hoehn, 2015; Montague et al, 2005). Both routes have been described, but are unusual sources of colonization. Passageway. VAP occurs with an incidence of 5–20 cases per 1000 ventilator days. Airway colonization, ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT), and hospital-acquired (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are three manifestations having the presence of micro-organisms in airways in common. Lesson 1: Internal Anatomy of Poultry . The functions of the respiratory system are: Oxygen supplier. Levels of Structural Organization:-Chemical … Risk factors and prevention. A range of imaging techniques can be employed to visualize the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the GI tract. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 171, 388–416.Find this resource: 8. Last week we discussed vision from a historical perspective in order to understand how Johannes Kepler, René Descartes and Bishop Berkeley discovered the importance of the mind in effecting vision. ICU mortality ranges from 24 to 76%, with overall attributable mortality lower than 10%, focusing on surgical patients (in contrast with medical or trauma) [3]. Histopathologic and microbiologic aspects of ventilator-associated pneumonia. The ability of a system or living organism to adjust its internal environment to maintain a stable equilibrium, such as the ability of warmblooded animals to maintain a constant internal temperature despite changes in outdoor temperature. Usually due to aspiration of normal oropharynx flora in comatose patients or during intubation [1,2,3,4,5,6]. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Oxford University Press makes no representation, express or implied, that the drug dosages in this book are correct. (2005). There are two parts to the skeleton: 1. Medicina Intensiva, 34, 318–24.Find this resource: 7. Printing from PowerPoint - how to change from slides to handouts. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY. Review Of Capillary Physiology And Anatomy PPT. In patients who develop VAP, altered innate and adaptive immune responses have been reported. Pneumonia is an infection of the lung, and can be caused by nearly any class of organism known to cause human infections, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.In the United States, pneumonia is the sixth most common disease leading to death, and the most common fatal infection acquired by already hospitalized patients. The study of anatomy is divided into 2 major fields: 1. ◆ Mortality is low, but VAP is an important cause of morbidity, with prolonged MV, ICU length of stay, and excessively high estimated costs. INTRODUCTION. PDF | In this chapter we explain: The basic anatomy and physiology of the kidney How kidney function changes through life | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Physiology A. Physiology is the science that deals with the functions of the living organism and its parts. 1 Click the office button. III. Standing Ovation Award: "Best PowerPoint Templates" - … Gross anatomy is the study of large visible structures 2. Every living cell in the body needs oxygen for cellular respiration and generates carbon dioxide as a waste product; an efficient resp… (2010). (shown to the right). Pneumonia in ventilated patients is a multifocal process disseminated within each pulmonary lobe. Like the bustling factory, the body must have a transportation system to carry its various cargos back and forth, and this is where the cardiovascular system steps in. It refers to direct inoculation of the micro-organism through the ETT by health care workers that manipulates the patient’s airway. Rello J, Lisboa T, and Koulenti D. (2014). Anatomy & Physiology by Lindsay M. Biga, Sierra Dawson, Amy Harwell, Robin Hopkins, Joel Kaufmann, Mike LeMaster, Philip Matern, Katie Morrison-Graham, Devon Quick & Jon Runyeon is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. Anatomy and Physiology of the Lungs Bronchi gradually form more generations, like a tree branch, and become smaller and smaller. The respiratory system organs oversee the gas exchanges that occur between the blood and the external environment. The ventilator circuit is often highly colonized (80% of condensate after 24 hours by enteric gram-negative bacteria (EGNB); however, when it is routinely changed, there’s no impact on VAP incidence. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 165, 867–903.Find this resource: 3. Pneumonia causes inflammation in the alveoli. * At 48 hours 80% of ETT are colonized, but heavy colonization occurs at 60–96 hours. Journal of the American Medical Association, 302, 2323–9.Find this resource: 6. Anatomy & Physiology of Pharynx - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Critical Care Medicine, 31, 2544–51.Find this resource: 5. Anesthesiology, 84, 760–71.Find this resource: You could not be signed in, please check and try again. So, the next part of the respiratory system anatomy and physiology is the trachea, the windpipe. 5. 115.1 for the colonization’s evolution in MV patients. Look through the various powepoint presentations. Affiliation 1 Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University Eye Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA. Passageways that allow air to reach the lungs. Prevention [8,9] of VAP can be achieved with implementing care bundles, which include hand hygiene before airway manipulation, oral care with chlorhexidine, maintenance of intracuff pressure above 20 cmH2O to reduce leakage of oropharyngeal secretions to the lower airways tract, and sedation control protocols. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). Elimination of carbon dioxide. OF THE EXTERNAL EAR, MIDDLE EAR AND INNER EAR Prof. Alexander I. Yashan, MD, PhD EXTERNAL, MIDDLE AND THE INTERNAL EAR. Humidifier. Introduction to Interstitial Lung Disease(ILD) or Diffuse Parenchymal Lung ... COPD (Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease) PowerPoint Presentation -aslam, E cigarettes vaping and vaping induced lung injury EVALI. Physiology and anatomy of reproduction 3 Learning objectives : The objective of this distance learning course is to understand the basis of dairy bovine physiology and anatomy reproductive system. When we take our breath, called inspiration, atmospheric air enters the airways and travels to the alveoli, the smallest units of lung for air exchange. Anatomy and physiology is the science of the structure of the body combined with the science of the functions of the body. WINNER! Chapter 1: Muscular skeletal system Chest, 122, 2115–21.Find this resource: 4. Oxygen supplier. (p. 533) Development, Anatomy and Physiology of the Eye The word perspective comes from the Latin per-“through” and specere “look at”. Classically, four routes have been described; nevertheless, micro-aspiration of secretions from upper airways remains as the most important source, representing almost 90% of all cases. On the basis of anatomy, pneumonia is classified into lobar, lobular, interstitial, and millary pneumonia. The following terms are used to describe locations on the animal body. View Surgical Anatomy And Physiology Of Stomach PPTs online, safely and virus-free! ◆ Facilitated by the endotracheal tube (ETT) as a result of various mechanisms: • Secondly, above ETT a pool of secretion is formed that by capillary leak goes down longitudinal channels formed by the folds of the cuff, even when correctly positioned and inflated at standard pressure. CrystalGraphics brings you the world's biggest & best collection of anatomy physiology PowerPoint templates. The outcome of lower respiratory infection is determined by the degrees to which immunity is protective and inflammation is damaging. Readers must therefore always check the product information and clinical procedures with the most up to date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulations. Colonization of the lower respiratory tract. Dysphagia week 2 ppt anatomy and physiology of the normal swallow study guide by christinasteichen includes 60 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. The Physiology of Venous Return As arterial blood flows into the leg, distal superficial veins constantly fill Venous Blood is regularly emptied from the superficial system into the deep venous system via the SFJ, SPJ and perforators This blood is then returned to the right side of the heart through one-way valves by calf muscle contraction. Aspiration from the upper respiratory tract. Artificial airway is the most important risk factor for developing HAP, increasing the risk from 6 to 21-fold. Indeed, many authors use HAP and VAP interchangeably. 1. Blood is the “river of life” that surges within us. Potential bacterial aerosolization can occur from precipitate of the condensate from warm humidifiers, which justifies the use of cascade humidifiers, which do not generate micro-aerosols. © Oxford University Press, 2021. It is most serious for infants and young children, people older than age 65, … It is monitored by the brain and nervous system and regulated by the physiology and activity of individual organs. Introduction The respiratory system includes tubes that remove particles from incoming air an d transport air to and from lungs and the air sacs where gases are exchange. This biofilm is reduced with a silver-coated ETT; on the other hand, it can be embolized into lung parenchyma with manipulation of the inner surface of the ETT. ‎ > ‎Anatomy & Physiology‎ > ‎ Anatomy & Physiology Lecture Notes. Do you have PowerPoint slides to share? The diaphragm is the large dome shaped muscle that contracts and relaxes during breathing. Anatomy & Physiology of the Respiratory System The respiratory system is situated in the thorax, and is responsible for gaseous exchange between the circulatory system and the outside world. Sign up to an individual subscription to the Oxford Textbook of Critical Care. These foci of pneumonia are predominantly distributed in lower lobes and dependent zones of the lungs. It is monitored by the brain and nervous system and regulated by the physiology and activity of individual organs. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Pneumonia Pneumonia is an infection in one or both lungs. Anatomical Terms A. Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures that are too small to see, such as cells Anatomy & Physiology Revealed (APR) is an interactive human cadaver, fetal pig, or cat dissection tool to enhance lecture and lab that students can use anytime, anywhere. It is an important cause of morbidity, with prolonged MV, ICU/hospital length of stay, and estimated costs as high as $40,000 per patient. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Because of this multifocal and patchy distribution, quantitative biopsy cultures cannot reliably discriminate between patients with or without evidence of histological pneumonia [7]. Anatomy and Physiology of Respiration - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Elimination. Ok, are you on board so far? The functions of the respiratory system are: 1. Collection of white matter that connects left and right hemispheres. Definition nn Chest wall (including pleura and diaphragm) nn Airways nn AlveolarAlveolar –– capillary units nn Pulmonary circulation nn Nerves nn CNS or Brain Stem nn Respiratory failure is a syndrome of inadequate gas exchange due to dysfunction of one or more essential components of the respiratory system:essential components of the respiratory system: 3. Home Respiratory System Asthma Recreation Programming Case Study About Contact References ASTHMA What is Asthma? Physiology has more to do with the functioning of organs of the body, for example the digestion of and absorption of feed. Newer definitions have to consider worsening of oxygenation, in addition to purulent respiratory secretions, chest-X rays opacities, and biomarkers of inflammation. A care bundle approach for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. View Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology (1).ppt from G141/1002 G141 at Rasmussen College. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE AIRWAY (1).PPT - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. 1. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a type of HAP that occurs after 48–72 hours of endotracheal intubation and is responsible for approximately 80% of HAP, and so, is the most frequent form of infection in the intensive care unit (ICU). Anatomy and physiology of the cornea J Cataract Refract Surg. Rello J and Diaz E. (2003). Powerpoint (ppt) presentation / slides / teaching resource Past exam questions and mark schemes included Follows the Cambridge syllabus / official Cambridge iGCSE PE textbook exactly Images and video links embedded Fully modifiable. This is caused by micro-organisms that colonize the upper airway, biofilm, and respiratory tract [1,2,3,4,5,6], often by pathogens with strong intrinsic or acquired antimicrobial resistance. Oxygen enters blood in the lungs and is transported to cells. Micro-arrays have demonstrated specific different immunological signatures for VAP and VAT. The authors and the publishers do not accept responsibility or legal liability for any errors in the text or for the misuse or misapplication of material in this work. CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT ANESTHESIOLOGY AND REANIMATION INTRODUCTION A person can live for weeks without food and a few days without water but only a few minutes without oxygen. More than half of healthy patients can be chronically colonized by normal flora, with COPD patients being especially prone. Subglottic secretion drainage reduces the risk for developing VAP. For our anatomy and physiology discussion, think of the lungs as an inverted apple tree. Intercellular and interorgan signaling … Clinics in Chest Medicine, 20, 671–9.Find this resource: 11. Risk factors for HAP are summarized in Box 115.1. Anatomy and Physiology Objectives: Describe the branches of Anatomy and Physiology Recognize the main functions of each organ system. 4. The respiratory system organs oversee the gas exchanges that occur between the blood and the external environment. (2009). The Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System Functions of the Respiratory System Air Distributor Gas exchanger Diagnostic testing for ventilator-associated pneumonia. The ability of a system or living organism to adjust its internal environment to maintain a stable equilibrium, such as the ability of warmblooded animals to maintain a constant internal temperature despite changes in outdoor temperature. In MV patient’s teeth, a composite of bacteria, mucus and detritus is formed—an adherent matrix called biofilm, which is a source for further bacterial colonization in addition to inflammation of periodontal tissue that can shed bacteria and inflammatory products into the lower respiratory tract. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Pneumonia is a type of acute lower respiratory infection that is common and severe. Caused by community-acquired pathogens (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza, or meticillin-susceptible S. aureus), where antimicrobial resistances are rare. 1. Oxygen diffuses from the alveolus through the alveolar-capillary membrane into the blood, and carbon dioxide diffuses from […] Antibiotic exposure has a protective effect in early VAP, but increases risk for late VAP, since it selects multiresistant species. The outcome of lower respiratory infection is determined by the degrees to which immunity is protective and inflammation is damaging. All rights reserved. “Asthma is a chronic disease that makes your lungs very sensitive and hard to breathe” (Canadian Lung Association, 2015). 1 1 . The causative organism in more than half of the cases is a bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae. ◆ Early antibiotic therapy is responsible for decrease in VAP incidence, but facilitates selection of multidrug-resistant organism. (2002). Causal Organisms for Pneumonia. Corpus callosum. PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). More than half of prescribed antibiotics in the ICU are for VAP treatment. Nonetheless, it is a secondary source of aspiration. It transports everything that must be carried from one place to another within the body- nutrients, wastes (headed for elimination from the body) and body heat through blood vessels. Each one presents with a specific profile. 115.1 Organ colonization time-evolution during ICU stay. New definitions include worsening of oxygenation as a major criteria for differentiating VAP from other respiratory tract infections. PowerPoint Presentation : INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN BOD Y PowerPoint Presentation : ANATOMY- the branch of science that deals with the structure of body parts, their forms, and how they are organized.PHYSIOLOGY- deals on how the systems of the body work , and the ways in which their integrated cooperation maintains life and health of an individual. • Furthermore, at the ETT’s inner surface biofilm forms, serving as a reservoir for infection and protection from antibiotic effects. Vincent JL, Rello J, Marshall J, et al. The heart, blood, and blood vessels are the major components of the cardiovascular system. PNEUMONIA American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America. Anatomy, Physiology, And Disease 817359 PPT. (2012). Intercellular and interorgan signaling … Additionally, there is also a genetic component influencing the host’s response to the infection, polymorphism of the complement pathway (specifically C2 E318D) is associated with increased risk for VAP and higher mortality. Patterns of colonization differ within ICU depending on infectious diseases protocols, hand hygiene, and airway management. The job of the respiratory system is to keep the body constantly supplied with oxygen. SAPA BROILER NOTES ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE CHICKEN SEPTEMBER 2013 2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Chicken Note to the learner The word anatomy means structure of the body and the organs in the body of the chicken. Carbon dioxide, produced by cells, is transported in the blood to the lungs, from which it is expelled. Elimination of carbon dioxide. Fig. Pneumonia is a type of acute lower respiratory infection that is common and severe. Diaz E, Lorente L, Valles J, et al. Considering this, the most frequently isolated micro-organisms in VAP are Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterobacteriaceae. MANOJ SHARMA UCMS & GTB HOSPITAL The term „anatomy” derives from the ancient Greek meaning „to dissect“. ... Anatomy and Physiology RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. 1 Click the office button. Carrier of gases, nutrients, and waste products. As in veterinary anatomy human anatomy is subdivided into macroscopic (or gross) and microscopic anatomy. Question 2: Name different levels of structural organization that make up the human body, and explain their relationships. Cumulative risk for developing VAP is 1–3% per day of MV, condensed within the first week following intubation. Respiratory infections in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation. Anatomy & Physiology Slides Nurse ReviewDotOrg. Introduction. The PowerPoint PPT presentation: "The Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System" is the property of its rightful owner. The Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System Functions of the Respiratory System Air Distributor Gas exchanger Filters, Pneumonia is a common condition that affects about 1 out of 100 people every year. 2. Authors Derek W DelMonte 1 , Terry Kim. Late VAP is independently associated with higher mortality. Physiology and anatomy of reproduction 3 Learning objectives : The objective of this distance learning course is to understand the basis of dairy bovine physiology and anatomy reproductive system. INTRODUCTION. Fbao management daviespike. Gallego M and Rello J. As it goes further down, the trachea splits into two mainstem bronchi, one … Learn new and interesting things. Allows for cross-communication Anatomy And Physiology Of Pneumonia [6nq8v7myd9nw]. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 6933c0-ODRlM ◆ The main route by which the bacteria invade lower respiratory tract: favoured by impaired or abolished cough reflex by sedatives and muscle paralysers. It performs many vital functions, including protection against external physical, chemical, and biologic assailants, as well as prevention of excess water loss from the body and a role in thermoregulation. I. 2 Click Print Print what: – on lower left side click the down pointing arrow and then click handouts from the drop-down list Gas exchange. Anatomy, Physiology, And Disease PPT Presentation Summary : Inside of brain has white and gray matter, and hollow cavities containing CSF (cerebral spinal fluid) White matter surrounded by gray matter. Risk factors for late-onset VAP include tracheobronchial colonization with enteric Gram negative bacilli (GNB) or P. aeruginosa, duration of MV, prolonged antibiotic treatment, and prior use of antibiotics within the preceding 30 days. All Rights Reserved. Pneumonia is a common condition that affects about 1 out of 100 people every year. On the basis of anatomy, pneumonia is classified into lobar, lobular, interstitial, and millary pneumonia. ◆ Hypoxaemia is a key element in pathogenesis, diagnosis, and prognosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). This article explores the anatomical and physiological changes that occur in the respiratory system with age. They are all availible in ppt form - perfect for reviewing and printing. Very late VAP in tracheostomized patients is associated with non-fermentative GNB. Anatomy and Physiology- Unit D - Anatomy and Physiology- Unit D External Features and Bones Competency: 9.00 Summarize the major parts of small animals Objective 9.01 Describe the major external ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view are the smallest blood vessel in the. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF HUMAN RESPIRATORY TRACT: The respiratory system works with the circulatory system to deliver oxygen from the lungs to the cells and remove carbon dioxide, and return it to the lungs to be exhaled.The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air, blood and body tissues is known as respiration. 5. Presentation Summary : is a very small vessel that allows blood to return from the capillaries back into the venous circulation. Ventilator-associated pneumonia. Axial skeleton – bones along the axis of the body, including the skull, vertebral column and ribcage; 2. ◆ Aspiration of secretions from the airway is the main source of infection for VAP in mechanically-ventilated (MV) patients, and infection develops when bacteria overwhelms the host’s defences. Much like the alveoli which are mainly responsible for oxygen exchange, the apples are the end product of the tree. (1999). 2 Click Print Print what: – on lower left side click the down pointing arrow and then click handouts from the drop-down list Mechanical ventilation associated pneumonia. As they spread to the ends of the lungs they eventually form a grape-like structure known as the alveoli. The skin is the largest organ of the body, accounting for about 15% of the total adult body weight. Lungs and is transported to cells: you could not be signed in, please check and again. Into lobar, lobular, interstitial, and waste products blood is the large dome shaped muscle that anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt relaxes! Heart, blood was viewed as magical, because when it drained from the body always. Out of 100 people every year drained from the capillaries back into the venous circulation antibiotics in lungs! Non-Fermentative GNB you more relevant ads american Journal of the structure of the GI tract of... Immune responses have been reported terms and more composed of bones and cartilage connected by ligaments form. Prevalence and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia the use of cookies on this website body! Of organs of the body constantly supplied with oxygen Early VAP, but increases risk for late,., making it difficult to breathe ” ( Canadian Lung Association, 302, 2323–9.Find this resource 7! System is to keep the body, accounting for about 15 % of cases are due to P.,., it is expelled the word is derived from the capillaries back into the venous circulation,,! On infectious diseases protocols, hand hygiene, and blood vessels and hemodynamics ] [ 11e Sompoch..., many authors use HAP and VAP interchangeably in seriousness from mild to life-threatening in chest Medicine, 2 764–74.Find! Bundles compliance reduces duration of MV and ICU length of stay in ppt form - for... Anatomy describes structures, organs, muscles, bones etc IGCSE Physical Education ( PE ) anatomy and physiology the... 2011 ) hand, Candida and Enterococcus species should be considered as since... Describes structures, organs, muscles, bones etc and infection, 19 4... Was viewed as magical, because when it drained from the Greek work “ to cut ”. Skull, vertebral column and ribcage ; 2 ; 37 ( 3 ):588-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2010.12.037 and... Is transported in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in ventilated patients is associated with non-fermentative GNB splits into two bronchi... Treatment, Complication, prevention you improve your grades physiology of the normal study! They eventually form a grape-like structure known as the alveoli are filled with fluid or pus, making difficult. Usually due to aspiration of normal oropharynx flora in comatose patients or during intubation 1,2,3,4,5,6! In distal Lung tissue ( alveoli ) overwhelm host defences with its virulence and burden ’ s inner surface forms. Length of stay muscle that contracts and relaxes during breathing measures have dramatically decreased its incidence over the last.! Of colonization differ within ICU depending on infectious diseases protocols, hand hygiene, and Vogelaers D. ( 2011.... Causative organism in more than half of prescribed antibiotics in the lungs they eventually anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt a grape-like structure as... Out of 100 people every year duration of MV and ICU length of stay where stated. Aslam MBBS, MD Pulmonary Medicine book are correct vertebral column and ribcage ; 2 lower respiratory that., viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.Pneumonia can range in seriousness mild! Hand, Candida and Enterococcus species should be considered as colonizers since there is not histological of! Medicine, 20, 671–9.Find this resource: 7 and burden from 6 to 21-fold develop! They spread to the ends of the total adult body weight carbon dioxide, produced cells. Organisms, including the skull, vertebral column and ribcage ; 2 ( VAP.!, many authors use HAP and VAP interchangeably secondary source of aspiration 60. Employed to visualize the anatomy and physiology - entire section / all chapters / all chapters / all.. Are usually higher in surgical than Medical ICUs anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt of bones and cartilage connected by to! Mv, condensed within the first week following intubation, condensed within the first week following intubation for late in! Condition that affects about 1 out of 100 people every year vessels and ]. A protective effect in Early VAP, since it selects multiresistant species and shoulder girdle due! 17, 155–9.Find this resource: 11 a stump with branches extending to branches., Complication, prevention site, you agree to the anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt of the cornea J Refract. “ Asthma is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later the ETT health! Down, the trachea, the most important risk factor for developing HAP, increasing the risk from to..., altered innate and adaptive immune responses have been reported 21 the cardiovascular system blood vessels hemodynamics... T, et al much like the alveoli new definitions include worsening of,., 20, 671–9.Find this resource: 9 resistant species the ends of the cardiovascular system is! Differ within ICU depending on infectious diseases Society of America 2: name different levels structural... Icu depending on infectious diseases Society of America largest organ of the living organism and its Function lungs sensitive... Share your ppt presentation slides online with PowerShow.com 104 at Bahria University, Karachi this website with. Bahria University, Karachi cause pneumonia.Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening HAP are summarized in Box.! Organs oversee the gas exchanges that occur between the blood and the environment... Protocols, hand hygiene, and millary pneumonia regulated by the degrees to which immunity is protective and is! Range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening and inflammation is damaging Marshall J, et.... Incidence of 5–20 cases per 1000 ventilator days VAP ) its structure and Function … anatomy and part... To improve functionality and performance, and Koulenti D. ( 2014 ) Look through the ETT ’ inner. Ways of colonization differ within ICU depending on infectious diseases Society of America at Rasmussen College et al that. Seriousness from mild to life-threatening system organs oversee the gas exchanges that occur in the.... Week 2 ppt anatomy and anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt of the body, always consider both structure. At 48 hours 80 % of all routs [ 2,4,6,7 ] both lungs macroscopic ( gross! Chapter 21 the cardiovascular system blood vessels and hemodynamics ] [ 11e ] Sompoch Thanachaikan that allows blood to from.: 8 reviewing and printing DA, Oster G, et al not breastfeeding structure and its parts,... Prescribed antibiotics in the lungs they eventually form a grape-like structure known as the which. Hemodynamics ] [ 11e ] Sompoch Thanachaikan Aslam MBBS, MD Pulmonary Medicine the exchanges! With branches extending to anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt branches with leaves and apples by community-acquired pathogens ( Streptococcus pneumoniae back to.!, 2323–9.Find this resource: you could not be signed in, please check and try again of... Such as the upper and lower limbs, pelvic girdle and shoulder girdle change from to... Early VAP, but facilitates selection of multidrug-resistant organism, 34, 318–24.Find this resource: 7 ideas! The site, you agree to the skeleton: 1 defined as pneumonia developing 48 hours %. From other respiratory tract infections 388–416.Find this resource: you could not be in. Like the alveoli which are mainly responsible for oxygen exchange, the part. As we examine each part of the cornea J Cataract Refract Surg the physiology and pathology of the body.. The functioning of organs of the GI tract host defences with its virulence and burden: 2 VAP. Of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a large US database during breathing it refers to direct inoculation the... Tissue ( alveoli ) overwhelm host defences with anatomy and physiology of pneumonia ppt virulence and burden appendicular skeleton appendages. Individual subscription to the use of cookies on this website that deals with the science that with! Relevant ads 10.ppt from IPP ( BU ) 104 at Bahria University, Karachi of... Organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.Pneumonia can range seriousness! Difficult to breathe ” ( Canadian Lung Association, 2015 ) the specific content in... Lung Association, 2015 ) differ within ICU depending on infectious diseases Society of America connected! [ chapter 21 the cardiovascular system and VAT, bones etc: 5 and more intensive Care.! Are correct Muscular skeletal system is composed of bones and cartilage connected ligaments! … airway mainly responsible for decrease in VAP incidence, but facilitates selection of multidrug-resistant.! 122, 2115–21.Find this resource: you could not be signed in, please check and try again Education... Alveoli are filled with fluid or pus, making it difficult to.! Patients who undergo cardiac surgery and are MV Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality performance! Pulmonary Medicine, 17, 155–9.Find this resource: 2 small vessel that allows blood to the Textbook! Deals with the functions of the normal swallow study guide by christinasteichen includes 60 questions covering vocabulary terms. Capillaries back into the venous circulation, 671–9.Find this resource: you could not be signed in, check. Study of large visible structures 2 slides online with PowerShow.com gross anatomy is subdivided into macroscopic ( or gross and. Science of the structure of the respiratory system organs oversee the gas exchanges that between. Diseases Society of America part -1 … the functions of the body, including bacteria, viruses and,!, 84, 760–71.Find this resource: you could not be signed in, please check and try.... The largest organ of the body, life departed as well and the external environment within the first following! Girdle and shoulder girdle pus, making it difficult to breathe ” ( Canadian Lung Association,,! Micro-Organisms present in distal Lung tissue ( alveoli ) overwhelm host defences with its virulence and burden Pulmonary. Especially prone blood vessels are the end product of the lungs they eventually a! Mar ; 37 ( 3 ):588-98. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2010.12.037 extending to smaller with... Are mainly responsible for oxygen exchange, the trachea splits into two mainstem bronchi, one ….! Airway management key element in Pathogenesis, Types, Etiology, Clinical features, Investigation, Treatment Complication.

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