summertime jazz gershwin

发稿时间:2021年01月21日

Being one of the most influential figures in the history of jazz, Miles Davis’s instrumental version of ‘Summertime’ on his 1958 album, Porgy and Bess, is one of the best known. This era is known as the Harlem Renaissance. This is a contemporary and funky-ballad treatment of this classic vocal. The versatile hit went on to be covered by thousands of artists, in every genre from disco to reggae. Parker’s instrumental version of the song is also well known. By the 70s, the song had travelled to Jamaica, and B.B Seaton’s reggae rendition was soon released. [2] Composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim has characterized Heyward's lyrics for "Summertime" and "My Man's Gone Now" as "the best lyrics in the musical theater". He wrote most of his vocal and theatrical works in collaboration with his elder brother, lyricist Ira Gershwin. 1 Background 2 Music video 2.1 Background 2.2 Behind the scenes 3 Lyrics 4 Credits "Summertime" was written by George Gershwin, DuBose Heyward, and Ira Gershwin … Gershwin's highly evocative writing brilliantly mixes elements of jazz and the song styles of blacks in the southeast United States from the early twentieth century". The jazz-inspired song is a lullaby for Clara to sing to her child, and it is reprised several more times throughout the opera. Composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim has characterized Heyward's lyrics for "Summertime" and "My Man's Gone Now" as "the best lyrics in the musical theater". 12. Written in 1934, ‘Summertime’ was one of the first compositions George Gershwin worked on for his brand-new opera Porgy and Bess. Vocal Feature. The opera was even turned into a film two years later (featuring Sidney Poitier and Dorothy Dandridge in the title roles), further propelling the song for greatness. The jazz-inspired song is a lullaby for Clara to sing to her child, and it is reprised several more times throughout the opera. [23] In 2005, Fantasia Barrino's version earned a nomination for the Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Performance. [6] Other versions to make the pop charts include those by Sam Cooke (US no. Summertime is a fun song, but it’s harder to play than it looks, so studying this material builds your confidence and skill set to navigate this jazz standard. Intro: Am6 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 Bm7 X2 Am6 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 Summertime...Bm7 Am6 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 Bm7 And the livin' is easy Dm7 Fish are jumpin, Ebdim E7+/9 E9 E7/9-Eaug And the cotton is high Am7 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 Your daddy's rich Bm7 Am6 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 D7 And your momma's good-lookin' Cmaj7 Bm7/b5 Bb7 Am6 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 Bm7 So hush, little baby, don't you cry (solo over verse) Am6 Bm7 Cmaj7/6 … The success of ‘Summertime’ didn’t stop in America. [12] The Ukrainian-Canadian composer and singer Alexis Kochan has suggested that some part of Gershwin's inspiration may have come from having heard the Ukrainian lullaby "Oi Khodyt Son Kolo Vikon" ("A Dream Passes by the Windows") at a New York City performance by Alexander Koshetz's Ukrainian National Chorus in 1929 (or 1926). The song theme is reprised soon after as counterpoint to the craps game scene, in act 2 in a reprise by Clara, and in act 3 by Bess, singing to Clara's now-orphaned baby after both its parents died in the storm. Superb! Yes (136) No (119) 7 on the R&B chart in 1966;[19] his version reached no. A year after the opera’s premiere, a 21 year old jazz singer called Billie Holiday recorded a version of ‘Summertime’; the first cover of the song that would reach the US charts. It's the exact right word, and that word is worth its weight in gold. "Summertime" is an aria composed in 1934 by George Gershwin for the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess. A prominent activist in America’s civil rights movement, Jackson purposely meshed Gershwin’s ‘Summertime’ with the African American spiritual, ‘Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child’. 93, 1963). [7][8] The lyrics have been highly praised by Stephen Sondheim. The key is D minor, the vocal range is A below middle C to 2nd space A. Miles Davis started his career as a member of Charlie Parker’s bebop quintet. Track listing. [8][10][11] Alternatively, the song has been proposed as an amalgamation of that spiritual and the Ukrainian Yiddish lullaby Pipi-pipipee. [4][5] Gershwin had completed setting DuBose Heyward's poem to music by February 1934, and spent the next 20 months completing and orchestrating the score of the opera.[6]. The 1959 movie version of the musical featured Loulie Jean Norman singing the song. Dubbed ‘The Queen of Gospel’, Mahaila Jackson became one of the most influential gospel singers in the world by singing ‘God’s music’. George Gershwin (; born Jacob Bruskin Gershowitz, September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist whose compositions spanned both popular and classical genres.Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928), the songs Swanee (1919) and Fascinating Rhythm (1924), the jazz standard I Got Rhythm … An opera aria with African American folk and spiritual influences, it was soon after interpreted by legends including Nina Simone, Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong, and morphed into a jazz standard. Everything you need to know about ENO's production of Porgy and Bess. It was recorded for the first time by Abbie Mitchell on July 19, 1935, with George Gershwin playing the piano and conducting the orchestra (on: George Gershwin Conducts Excerpts from Porgy & Bess, Mark 56 667). [17][18] The most commercially successful version was by Billy Stewart, who reached no. 78, 1961), Ricky Nelson (US no. Many people think of Porgy and Bess as a musical, when in fact it was written by Gershwin (who came from a musical theatre background) to be his very first opera. ‘Summertime’, originally from Gershwin’s 1935 opera Porgy and Bess, has dipped into pretty much every musical genre imaginable. Lana Del Rey has released a cover of George Gershwin’s song “Summertime”. Because of this, jazz artists have always been able to use improvisation to express themselves. Best Jazz // SUMMERTIME - GOTTA DANCE ACADEMY [Long Beach, CA] 2018 Industry Dance Awards - Outstanding Performance Congrats! Aria from the opera Porgy and Bess.Shortly after its successful premiere, began to be played by many jazz musicians, eventually becoming one of the best known jazz standard. Music and lyrics by George Gershwin, DuBose and Dorothy Heyward, and Ira Gershwin / arr. “Summertime” is the famous aria which opens George Gershwin’s opera, Porgy and Bess. "Doin' Time" peaked at number 87 on the Hot 100 in 1998. [21][22] In Britain, a version by the Fun Boy Three reached no. George Gershwin (1898-1937): Summertime. [15] Guinness World Records lists the website's 2017 figure of 67,591 as the world record total. 39 in the UK[20] and no. The 2nd trumpet solo part goes to written F on the top line, and the lead trumpet goes to written A. I DO NOT OWN THIS SONG, THIS ARTIST, THE LYRICS OR THE IMAGES. Big Brother and the Holding Company's version featuring Janis Joplin on vocals has been highly praised. Summertime . 10 on the Billboard Hot 100, and no. [24], In 1997, American ska punk band Sublime released the single "Doin' Time", which sampled the Herbie Mann recording of "Summertime". Summertime, along with so many others of Gershwin’s unforgettable songs, tilled this fertile soil and has given rise to countless wonderful musical flowerings, feeding back into jazz, blues, pop, Broadway and so much more. That rendition finished at #52 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of top tunes in American cinema. [13], Statistics for the number of recordings of "Summertime" vary by source; while older data is restricted to commercial releases, newer sources may include versions self-published online. 49, 1960), The Marcels (US no. George Gershwin composed songs both for Broadway and for the classical concert hall. Lyrics begin: "Summertime, an' the livin' is … [14] Joe Nocera in 2012 said there were "over 25,000" recordings. George Gershwin: His Life and Works. George Gershwin - Summertime (Official) official by George Gershwin with free online tab player, speed control and loop. About "Summertime" Digital sheet music for jazz band, Summertime, complete set of parts, (easy/intermediate). Find your perfect arrangement and access a variety of transpositions so you can print and play instantly, anywhere. "Summertime when the livin' is easy" is a boring line compared to "Summertime and". Start Time: 08:12. Recording Date: 1992 Sep 18. Vocal Solo with Jazz Ensemble Conductor Score & Parts. Heyward wrote the story 'Porgy' on which the musical is based and many of the lyrics for the recitative are taken verbatim from his narrative & dialogue. Jazz Ensemble Conductor Score & Parts. Musicologist K. J. McElrath wrote of the song: Gershwin was remarkably successful in his intent to have this sound like a folk song. [6], While in his own description, Gershwin did not use any previously composed spirituals in his opera, Summertime is often considered an adaptation of the African American spiritual "Sometimes I Feel Like a Motherless Child", which ended the play version of Porgy. Black artists, musicians and intellectuals such as Duke Ellington, Langston Hughes and Lois Mailou Jones celebrated their African American culture through their works during this golden age. [3], Gershwin began composing the song in December 1933, attempting to create his own spiritual in the style of the African American folk music of the period. Arranger Dave Rivello captures the distinctive Miles Davis Harmon mute sound in this outstanding chart. We were surprised that Dave had not scored this tune before, but it Norah Jones and Marian McPartland.Aug. Gershwin's compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and … “The ‘in’ in Summertime’s subtitle promises both a context and a method: to place Gershwin’s life in the wider world of music-making, and to reveal that life in terms of the very music Gershwin made. He also wrote popular songs with success. The album in which the track featured, Cheap Thrills, was one of the most successful albums of the 1968. Janis Joplin (1969) This is perhaps one of the most unlikely versions of the Gershwin classic, but it … Fitzgerald’s cover quickly propelled the song into the limelight, not only cementing it as a jazz staple, but also as globally recognisable hit. The Jazz Discography in 2005 listed 1,161 official releases, ranking the song fourth among jazz standards. 18 on the UK Singles Chart in 1982. Although jazz-inspired, the original version of ‘Summertime’ was to be performed by a classically trained opera singer. In the 2018 ENO production of The Gershwins’ Porgy and Bess, ‘Summertime’ was sung by Nadine Benjamin. [1], The song soon became a popular and much-recorded jazz standard, described as "without doubt ... one of the finest songs the composer ever wrote ... Gershwin's highly evocative writing brilliantly mixes elements of jazz and the song styles of blacks in the southeast United States from the early twentieth century". Publisher: Alfred This item includes: Digital Sheet Music (for display and printing only) Once you buy or access this item as a Member, you'll be … Browse our 49 arrangements of "Summertime." Was this review helpful? Start Time: 31:56. 89, 1962), and the Chris Columbo Quintet (US no. "Summertime The Gershwin Version" is a song by George Gershwin covered by Lana Del Rey. From Mongo Santamaría’s Latin jazz version in the 1980s to Beninese singer Angelique Kidjo’s cover in 2012 (sang in her native tongue), ‘Summertime’ was adapted time and time again. Writing of the opening line, he says, That "and" is worth a great deal of attention. Enjoy your summer :)PS. We’ve taken a look at some of the different versions of ‘Summertime’ from the past 80 years. Words and music by George Gershwin, DuBose and Dorothy Heyward, and Ira Gershwin / arr. It was speculated to be the lead single from her then-recently announced album Americana Standards and Classics, which was later scrapped. Further Reading: Pollack, Howard. Landing Jazz Club. Here is a small selection that demonstrates the song’s versatility: Billie Holiday gives it the New Orleans treatment. John Denton. George Gershwin (September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist. The original, written in the minor key, has a slightly melancholy feel. George Gershwin (September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer. The choices of "ands" [and] "buts" become almost traumatic as you are writing a lyric – or should, anyway – because each one weighs so much.[9]. "Summertime" from Porgy and Bess is one of George Gershwin's best-known compositions. [25], Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Performance, "A Century of Creativity: DuBose and Dorothy Heyward", Dateline New York: Kochan and Kytasty delve deeply into musical past, "The Complete List of Grammy Nominations", https://smtd.umich.edu/ami/gershwin/?p=8556, "A Languid Look Back To Gershwin's 'Summertime'", The Modern Jazz Quartet Plays George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, Selections from George Gershwin's Folk Opera Porgy and Bess, Ella Fitzgerald Sings the George and Ira Gershwin Song Book, Oscar Peterson Plays the George Gershwin Songbook, Rosemary Clooney Sings the Lyrics of Ira Gershwin, Ella Fitzgerald and Billie Holiday at Newport, The Essential Billie Holiday: Carnegie Hall Concert Recorded Live, Lady in Autumn: The Best of the Verve Years, Lady Day: The Complete Billie Holiday on Columbia 1933–1944. The lyrics are by DuBose Heyward, the author of the novel Porgy on which the opera was based, although the song is also co-credited to Ira Gershwin by ASCAP. George Gershwin and Summertime August 30, 2016 George Gershwin employed the pentatonic scale in a number of his works, most notably in the lullaby, Summertime, from the opera, Porgy and Bess. It’s initially sung by Clara as a lullaby to her baby, though it’s later reprised by Bess. English National Opera, London Coliseum, St Martin’s Lane, London WC2N 4ES, English National Opera is a charitable company limited by guarantee incorporated in England and Wales (Company number 00426792).Charity Registered Number 257210. All compositions by Pepper Adams except where noted "Valse Celtique" – 13:31 "Summertime" (George Gershwin, DuBose Heyward) – 9:57 "Last Resort" (Victor Feldman) – 7:01 With at least 25,000 versions, Porgy and Bess’s opening aria, ‘Summertime’, is the most covered song in the world. 30, 2003, at the Tanglewood Jazz Festival. It is sung by Clara as a lullaby. Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans? The beautiful Gershwin ballad shines in this strong Dave Wolpe arrangement for jazz ensemble with solo vocalist. Correct version. Sheet music is available for Piano, Voice, Guitar and 26 others with 20 scorings and 7 notations in 26 genres. California Cookin', is a live album by baritone saxophonist Pepper Adams which was recorded in California in 1983 and originally released on the Interplay label in 1991. Up until the release of Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong’s Jazz album, Porgy and Bess, ‘Summertime’ was still relatively unknown. Added on July 19, 2019 Unfortunately, Gershwin wouldn’t live to see his song become the world-famous one it is today. Have fun exploring the melody, sample solos, and improvisational concepts over this classic Gershwin tune. The first ever performance of Summertime was sung by American soprano Abbie Mitchell. [16], In September 1936, a recording by Billie Holiday was the first to hit the US pop charts, reaching no. Along with Joplin’s, versions of the song by artists such as Ricky Nelson, The Zombies and even the soulful Al Green helped popularise ‘Summertime’ to a new generation of people. The song is sung several times throughout Porgy and Bess. The pop star surprise released the song tonight on social media alongside a vintage music … Arranger Rich DeRosa brings a big sound to the With her bluesy vocal style, ‘Summertime’ was a natural choice for Janis Joplin and her band, Big Brother and the Holding Company. Music and lyrics by George Gershwin, DuBose and Dorothy Heyward, and Ira Gershwin / arr. The instrumental parts are very reachable with Heyward's inspiration for the lyrics was the southern folk spiritual-lullaby "All My Trials", of which he had Clara sing a snippet in his play Porgy. From jazz to ska-punk to Hollywood sadcore, the endurance of “Summertime” is a testament to the timelessness and malleability of Gershwin’s compositions—and we can’t wait to discover what forms these tunes will take next. Composer(s): George Gershwin (1898-1937) Lyricist(s): Ira Gershwin (1896-1983) Performed on these programs: 36 - Porgy and Bess: A Jazz Transcription, Part One . The Clifford Lamb Trio capture the essence of summertime jazz: smooth and melodious with a refreshing spritz of surprise. Billie was from Harlem, the home of New York’s black community, which at the time was bursting with creativity. 13 in Canada. Recorded over just four days in the summer of 1958, Porgy and Bess is still considered as an historic jazz masterpiece. Because of these factors, this tune has been a favorite of jazz performers for decades and can be done in a variety of tempos and styles. In 1956, however, Jackson released ‘Summertime’, one of the few times she recorded music that wasn’t religious. As the song spread around the globe, so did a number of interpretations. "Summertime" is an aria composed in 1934 by George Gershwin for the 1935 opera Porgy and Bess. Composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim has characterized Heyward's lyrics for "Summertime" and "My Man's Gone Now" as "the best lyrics in the musical theater". Written in 1934, ‘Summertime’ was one of the first compositions George Gershwin worked on for his brand-new opera Porgy and Bess. If it is possible, it would help us enormously if you could consider making a donation to ensure we come out of this period being able to continue to do what we have been doing for decades. This Gershwin classic has a refreshing sound, as the chorale intro slips into a slow swing feel reminiscent of the legendary Miles Davis/Gil Evans arrangement. Jazz has always been an expression of cultural diversity and individualism. The simple melody of ‘Summertime’ left much room for improvisation, and jazz instrumentalists each took turn to make the song their own. :) https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Summertime_(George_Gershwin_song)&oldid=995173879, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 17:10. Dave Wolpe. Gershwin's highly evocative writing brilliantly mixes elements of jazz and the song styles of blacks in the southeast United States from the early twentieth century". Its lyrics are the first words heard in act 1 of the opera, following the communal "wa-do-wa". Vocal Solo with Jazz Ensemble Conductor Score & Parts. They are the property of their respective owners. This is reinforced by his extensive use of the pentatonic scale (C–D–E–G–A) in the context of the A minor tonality and a slow-moving harmonic progression that suggests a "blues". The haunting, emotional directness of Gershwin's pentatonic melody imbues Summertime with an indelible sense of loss and desire. I would write "Summertime when" but that "and" sets up a tone, a whole poetic tone, not to mention a whole kind of diction that is going to be used in the play; an informal, uneducated diction and a stream of consciousness, as in many of the songs like "My Man's Gone Now". The lyrics are by DuBose Heyward, the author of the novel Porgy on which the opera was based, although the song is also co-credited to Ira Gershwin by ASCAP. 81, 1957), Al Martino (UK no. Rich DeRosa. Summertime were written by DeBose Heyward, as were the other best lyrics in the musical Porgy & Bess. With the genre’s origins in blues and jazz, it’s no surprise that ‘Summertime’ was covered by many Rock’n’Roll artists in the 60s. Original version of the first words heard in act 1 of the.. Best-Known compositions, he says, that `` and '' the opera past 80 Years exploring melody. 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